Description of the Park.
Manas National Park is world renowned for its exceptional natural beauty and charismatic wildlife. The park offers excellent habitats such as Terai-Bhabhar grasslands, forests, rivers and wetlands along with the low Shiwalik hills that are contiguous with the Himalayas in Bhutan.
The Park is divided into 3 ranges viz, Bhuyanpara (East), Bansbari (Central) and Panbari (Western) Range. The Park headquarters are located at Barpeta Road.
information of Manas National Park
- Park area: 500 sq.kms.
- Location: Foothills of Bhutan on the Eastern Coast of Himalayas; Baksa and Chirang Districts in Bodoland Territorial Area Districts (BTAD), Assam.
- Latitude 26˚30´N – 27˚00´N
- Longitude 90˚50´- 92˚00´E
- Rainfall: 3330mm
- Temperature: 10˚ Minimum and 37˚ Maximum.
- Best time to visit: November to April.
- Flora: 622 species plants recorded. (Dicotyledons-429 species. Monicotyledon- 162species, Pteridophytes- 30 species and 1 species of Gymnosperms.)
A number of ethno medicinal plants have also been recorded of which 89 tree species, 49 shrubs, 37 under shrubs, 172 herbs, 36 species of climbers, 15 species of orchids, 18 species of fern and 43 species of grass.
- Fauna: 60 species of Mammals, 476 Birds, 42 Reptiles, 7 Amphibians, 54 Fishes and more than 100 species of insects.
Wildlife at Manas National Park.
Manas provides habitat for 22 of India’s most threatened species of mammals. In total, there are nearly 60 mammals species, 42 reptile species and 17 species of amphibians.
Important wild fauna include Tiger, Leopard, Clouded Leopard, Leopard Cat, Elephant, Wild Buffalo, Great One Horned Rhino, Gaur, Sambar, Swamp Deer, Barking Deer, Hog Deer, Wild Pig, Fishing Cat, Golden Cat, Jungle Cat, Marbled Cat, Himalayan Black Bear, Sloth Bear, Wild Dog and Hog Badger are among others.
The rare and highly endangered species found here are:
- Pygmy Hog
- Hispid Hare
- Chinese Pangolin
- Assam Roofed Turtle
- Bengal Florican
- Golden Langur
The vast expanses of grasslands in Manas National Park support a large number of mega herbivorous. The tall grass and reeds also called the elephant-grass grow up to a height of over 5 meters during rainy season.
Birding at Manas National Park.
Manas National Park is the ultimate destination for bird lover community. Over 475 bird species have been recorded making it as the number one birding site in India. All five IUCN listed Critically Endangered bird species like King Vulture, Slender-Billed Vulture, White-Rumped Vulture, White-Bellied Heron and the Bengal Florican have been recorded from Manas and its fringe areas.
Do’s and Don’t for the visitors.
- Obtain permit before entering the National Park.
- Be accompanied by a guide authorized by the National Park authority.
- Wear inconspicuous khaki, Olive or Grey clothing. Bright colours particularly white, black and red are not advisable.
- Drive slowly, prescribed maximum speed limit is 20Kms/hr
- Grant right off way to the animals.
- Maintain silence to have a close look on the wildlife.
- Drive vehicle only on the specified routes.
- Leave the National Park before sunset.
- Enter the national Park before and after the specified time.
- Enter Sanctum Santorum’ or prohibited area of the National Park.
- Carry pets, transistors, tape-recorder and musical instruments inside the National Park.
- Try to cook anything inside the National Park.
- Blow horn inside the National Park.
- Drive vehicle off the road.
- Overtake the other vehicles.
- Disembark from the vehicle to move on foot.
- Disturb the animals.
- Smoke or kindle fires.
- Throw trash inside the National Park.
- Drinking alcohol inside the National Park.
- Carry of arms and ammunitions, crackers and any kind of explosives.
- Fishing and trapping wild animals with any kind of implement.
- Use of plastic inside the park.